Frequent urination in children or frequency is a common condition in children whereby they experience the need to urinate quite often. Though, children normally urinate more than adults owing to their smaller bladders that process the fluids faster, but is a child urinates 10 to 30 times a day, it can be taken as a symptom of frequent urination at night. Frequent urination at night and bed-wetting are the common symptoms of frequency. Polyuria is another related disorder whereby the child excretes more than normal amounts of urine.
Frequent Urination in Children
Both the adults and children suffer from frequent urination and they have many causes in common. A child displaying frequent urination might be having an abnormality in urine, a bacterial infection, or blood in urine. Though, in most cases, frequent urination in children results from some behavioral pattern but there can also be some serious causes calling for immediate treatment. So, one must consult a pediatrician or urologist for proper urinalysis to identify the root cause.
Causes of Frequent Urination in Children
- Diabetes Mellitus
One of the most common causes underlying frequent urination in children is juvenile diabetes. Unlike many other causes, if diabetes is the root cause of frequent urination in children, it would also result in polyurea, polyphagia (over eating), polydipsea (drinking fluids more than normal), and weight loss. Child’s sugar levels are tested to diagnose diabetes.
- Diabetes Insipidus
It is among some uncommon causes of frequent urination in children. Child suffering from this condition experiences a deficiency of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) which manifests itself in the form of dysfunctioning kidneys, kidneys’ inability to conserve water, excessive thirst and extra production of urine.
It is common among children of 3 to 8 years of age and is also called Extraordinary Daytime Urinary Frequency Syndrome. There are no other recognizable symptoms however it is sometimes related with stress. Child suffering from this condition urinates several times a day with small amounts of urine on each occasion. No treatment is available for this condition and it recedes in a few months.
- Urinary Tract Infection
It is one of the common causes of frequent urination in children and is also common in women. The sufferer not only urinates frequently but also experiences an urgency to urinate, dysuria (pain and burning during urination), fever, back pain, cloudy or bloody urine, nausea, and abdominal pain.
- Voiding Dysfunction
Children sometimes may not completely urinate because they tend to hurry lest they might miss something or they want to rush back to play. So, they may not completely empty the bladder and try to urinate just to the extent that the pressure on bladder is relieved. When this practice is repeated regularly, the sphincter muscles may become overactive, making it difficult to urinate completely. If your child is suffering from voiding dysfunction, you need to put him on a schedule so that he urinates every 2 to 4 hours.
In young girls, inflammation around vagina or Vulvovaginitis is a common cause of frequent urination. The symptoms for this condition are similar to those for UTI. It may result due to improper wiping of vaginal area or poor toilet hygiene, contacting irritants, or taking bubble baths. Etc.
- Behavioral Causes
Sometimes, some behavioral patterns might be the root cause of frequent urination in children e.g. some children tend to take unnecessarily high liquid quantities which results in frequent urination. If the child doesn’t show a willingness to reduce fluid intake and doesn’t visit bathroom as much as he should, then it may result in frequent urination. Boys of age group 3 to 4 tend to be fascinated by urination and there is a need to stop and urinate frequently. This behavioral quirk usually fades away in 6 months or so. Moreover, some children try to bunk the classes by frequently visiting restroom and then drinking water right after that so that they may take another trip to restroom can be made after an hour or so.
Treatment for Frequent Urination in Children
Treatment would vary according to the causes. In case of UTI, antibiotics need to be taken in order to clear the tract from infectious bacteria. In case of diabetes mellitus, insulin therapy would do the job. Topical antifungal or antibacterial creams would be prescribed against vulvovaginitis. Liquid intake of the child also needs to be monitored along with toilet hygiene. Visit the pediatrician or doctor as sson as possible once you notice the symptoms. If there are behavioral causes behind the condition, talk to your child and make him change his habits.
Frequent urination can also be a cause for many other medical conditions, so it is necessary that you get it diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.